Proceedings of the Colour and Space in Cultural Heritage session at the Denkmaeler 3D Conference titled "From low-cost to high-tech 3D-Doc. in Archaeology & Monument Preservation", held at the LWL Industrial Museum Zeche Zollern in Dortmund on 18 October 2013.

Preface by Frank Boochs

Denkmäler 3D stands for an interdisciplinary conference co-organised by engineers and archaeologists dedicated to sharing the experience of applying new technologies to interdisciplinary research in the area of cultural heritage; in particular, to supporting applications which rely on precise spatial measurements and appearance data. The first conference was organised in 2003 and looked at the then emerging question of the importance of a dialogue between disciplines in order to maximise the advantage of using modern documentation techniques.

In this spirit, in 2013 people with different backgrounds in the disciplines of archaeology and preservation of monuments, surveying and geoinformatics came together. The more traditionally oriented humanities joined engineers influenced by new technical developments. However, it is exactly these considerable differences that have the potential to lead to fruitful dialogue and successful cooperation, as countless successful interdisciplinary collaborations and conferences have shown in the past.

The subjects covered in the 2013 conference included acquisition, processing, analysis, standardised characterisation, visualisation and reproduction, content, storage, transmission and retrieval, quality evaluation and dissemination of archaeological data.

The conference served as a platform for presenting technical research and up-to-date developments, enabling conservators and archaeologists to present current projects. The aim of the conference was to debate the state of the art of documentation in archaeology and preservation of monuments. New approaches and developments in this interdisciplinary research area were introduced; practical solutions were identified, and future developments were discussed.

The history of the conference and its structure ideally match the objectives of the COST Action, Colour and Space in Cultural Heritage (COSCH). It was therefore very fortunate for the members of the COSCH community to contribute to the co-organisation of this conference. This gave the opportunity to open the originally national conference to a European audience; thus, extend access to knowledge and experience available outside national limits, while strengthening the exchange across national and disciplinary divides. The work of COSCH is rooted in the core idea of scientific cooperation in Europe.

The conference was hosted by a number of institutions, namely: Bochum University of Applied Sciences, University of Applied Sciences Mainz, HafenCity University Hamburg, Working Group Optical 3D Measurement Technology of the German Society for Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Geoinformation, Regional Association of Westphalia-Lippe, German TICCIH National Committee, and the German Mining Museum Bochum. It was held on the premises of the LWL Industrial Museum Zeche Zollern, in a former colliery, from 16th to 18th October 2013.

Thirteen papers were presented in three sessions, Documentation with Colour, Spatial Documentation and Digital Models and Applications. The three themes covered the main COSCH fields, giving insights into work of scientists affiliated to COSCH. Through publication of selected, peer-reviewed papers in this issue of COSCH e-Bulletin, the Authors have the possibility to disseminate the results to a larger community and those who were unable to attend the conference. Others have the opportunity to submit to forthcoming issues.


List of COSCH presentations at Denkmäler 3D 2013

Documentation with Colour

  • Maciej Karaszewski, Robert Sitnik, Eryk Bunsch, Warsaw, The process of Automated Shape and Color Digitization of Outdoor Historic Objects. Case study - Baroque vases from Museum Palace at Wilanow
  • Daniel Vazquez Moliní, Madrid, Spectral and Colorimetric Measurements in Cultural Heritage: Altamira and El Castillos Caves Pórtico of Glory and Picasso Paintings
  • Jakub Krzeslowski, Warsaw, Study on Close-range Digitisation Techniques Integrated with Reflectance Estimation
  • Jaroslav Valach, David Vrba, Tomás Fíla, Jan Bryscejn, Daniel Vavrík, Prague, Digitizing Embossed 3D Surfaces of Collections Item Using Photometric Stereo Device
  • Francesco Nex and Markus Gerke, Trento / Enschede, 3D Image Data Integration for Advanced Cultural Heritage Documentation

Spatial Documentation

  • Miguel Ares Rodriguez and Santiago Royo, Terrassa, Low-cost 3D Scanning Technology Based on Active Stereovision
  • Markus Gerke and Bashar Alsadik, Enschede, Automatic Camera Network Design for Accurate Cultural Heritage Documentation
  • Ferdinand Deger, Alamin Mansouri, Phillipe Curdy, Yvon Voisin, Jon Yngve Hardeberg, Auxerre / Gjøvik / Sion, Acquisition and Documentation of Prehistoric Funeral Stone Stelae
  • Corina Nicolae, E. Oberländer-Tarnoveanu, Mihai Bozgan, Marius Amerie, Tudor Martin, Bucharest, Creating Virtual Reality for Cultural Heritage. 3D Icons Project in Romania

Digital Models and Applications

  • Josep Fortuny and Eudal Mujal, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Good, Fast and Cheap: Photogrammetrical Technique for Research and Conservation on the Paleontological Heritage
  • Aleksandar Valjarevic, Marija Segan, Milos Milovanovic, Zoran Ognjanovic, Kosovska Mitrovica, Cultural Monuments in Serbia: Web GIS and Mapping of Toplica District
  • Julia Ganitseva, Martin Unold, Kai-Christian Bruhn, Fredie Kern, Florian Thiery, Mainz, Web-based 3D Data Extraction using the Concept of Panoramic Images and TLS
  • Stefanie Wefers, Mainz, The Late Antique and Early Byzantine Workshop and Milling Complex in Terrace House 2 of Ephesos (Turkey) - Documentation and analysis by means of 3D laser scanning.
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